- History of photography
- The Second World War and the Cold War
- Fascism, imperialism and decolonisation
- Posthumanism and the Anthropocene
- "Human Sacrifice: The Scapegoat in Partisan Photographs at the End of the Italian Civil War", in Photography and Power, hg. v. Marco Andreani and Nicoletta Pazzaglia, Newcastle upon Tyne 2019, pp. 192-214.
- Italian Humanist Photography from Fascism to the Cold War, London 2016.
- (gemeinsam mit A. Antola Swan), "Iconic Images in Modern Italy: Politics, Culture and Society", Modern Italy (Special Issue), 21, 4 (2016), pp. 325-328.
My Sister Who Travels (Ausstellungskatalog), hg. v. Martina Caruso, London 2014.
Since graduating from the University of Oxford (2002) and gaining a Ph.D. at the Courtauld Institute of Art on Italian humanist photography (2013), Caruso has developed an eclectic range of research interests connected through photography. Currently she is working on three projects: one on Cold War propaganda and anti-Americanism in post-war Italian and French painting; a book project on the gaps between private memoirs and public memory under Fascism; and she is researching the biographies of British photographers Agnes and Dora Bulwer. Caruso has lectured at the University of the Arts London, Assas Paris II and John Cabot University in Rome and has curated exhibitions in Rome, London and New York. She was also co-Director of the Giulio Turcato Archives and held the position of Assistant Director for Art, Architecture and the Creative Industries at the British School at Rome. Her book Italian Humanist Photography from Fascism to the Cold War was published by Bloomsbury in 2016.